– Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Characteristics Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic condition characterized by repetitive partial or total collapse of the upper airway during sleep, resulting in partial or total breathing cessation. An apnea is complete cessation of breathing for at least ten seconds. A hypopnea is a partial cessation of breathing for at least ten seconds, accompanied … Read more

– Aortic Stenosis

Characteristics Aortic stenosis is a commonly seen condition in which the aortic valve has a smaller opening than usual. The left ventricle pumps blood through the aortic valve in order to deliver freshly oxygenated blood to the aorta for distribution throughout the body. Major causes of aortic stenosis are rheumatic heart disease, being born with … Read more

– Colorectal Cancer

CHARACTERISTICS: Colorectal cancer is the third most common type of nonskin cancer and the second leading cause of cancer related mortality in the United States when considering tumors that affect both genders. The lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer in this country is over four percent. The overall incidence and mortality from colorectal cancer has … Read more

– Ulcerative Colitis

What is Ulcerative Colitis? Ulcerative colitis, which is the most common type of inflammatory bowel disease, is a condition of episodic inflammation of the lining, or mucosa, of the colon, resulting in bloody diarrhea. The other type of inflammatory bowel disease is Crohn’s disease. The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown, but both environmental and … Read more

– Rheumatoid Arthritis

Characteristics Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease of unknown cause that results in chronic systemic inflammation affecting many parts of the body, but primarily the joints. The clinical course is highly variable. The disease can fluctuate and may sometimes go into remission for months or years, either spontaneously or with the use of various medications. … Read more

– Parkinson’s | Facts & Cases

Characteristics Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system named after the English physician, James Parkinson, who published the first detailed description of the disease in “An Essay on the Shaking Palsy” in 1817. It is best thought of as a condition that impairs movement. The disorder is characterized by resting … Read more

– MS | Facts & Cases

Understanding MS Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder of the brain and spinal cord, characterized by neurologic dysfunction caused by damage to myelin, the fatty substance surrounding nerve cells that normally facilitates nerve transmission. For this reason, MS is referred to as a demyelinating disorder. MS occurs about twice as frequently in women … Read more

– Hypertension | Facts & Cases

Hypertension is more common than you think: Hypertension is common – 25 percent of adults in the world have it to some degree. About 90-95 percent is primary or “essential”, meaning the cause is not known or identifiable. This is usually what is seen in clinical practice and underwriting. The rest is secondary, and has … Read more

– Obesity | Facts & Cases

A Leading Cause of Preventable Death It seems that we are reminded on a daily basis about the obesity epidemic, a leading cause of preventable death that afflicts about one third of adults in the United States. Obesity has been increasing at a frightening rate, more than doubling in incidence during the past 30 years, … Read more

– Diabetes | Facts & Cases

You may have witnessed an explosion in the number of diabetic applicants during the past several years. In 2007, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.5 million adults aged 18 to 79 in the U.S. were newly diagnosed with diabetes. That same year, the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse counted 23.6 … Read more